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How do I: Avoid Online Threats
This guide covers Information, Media, and Digital Literacy concepts and Digital Citizenship for Gr. 9-12 students, as well as teacher and parents.
Clickjacking uses catchy headlines like "find out who's looking at your profile" to get you to cut and paste a link into your browser which then infects your computer and spreads the spam to your contact list.
Pharming is a form of online fraud which directs you to a malicious or illegitimate website by redirecting the legitimate url.
Get the Facts:
Pharming scam can happen to you when a url is redirected to an illegitimate website, or through a direct system attack.
The url of the site that you are directed can look legitimate, therefore be cautious if a site that is familiar to you looks very differnent from what you remember.
One indication that the site may be illegitimate is the url is preceeded by http:// opposed to https://. Scammers are less able to hijack secure versions of a website.
In a direct system attack, scammers can use the credentials associated with the factory default setting of home routers or firewalls. It is important to reset these credentials when they are purchased.
The Government of Canada has created this site to help you identify online threats like phishing. Learn more about pharming and how to protect yourself.
How can I spot a phish?
Phishing messages tend to have general characteristics that should alert you, including:
Sense of Urgency - the message conveys a reason why you need to act quickly.
Forged Link - a link may have a name of a known organization, but not belong to them.
Requests for Personal Information - the message will attempt to trick you into providing personal information by appearing to be authentic.
Generic Greetings or Signatures - the message are generally sent to hundreds of people at a time which makes them somewhat generic. Spear Phishing is an exception.
Errors, Typos, and Inaccurate Names - the messages often include grammatical errors, misspelled words, or other inaccuracies.
What is the difference between Phishing & Spear Phishing?
Phishing - is an attempt to steal your personal information using a fraudulent email asking for information such as usernames, passwords, social security numbers, birth dates, etc. These emails typically look authentic and contain a link to an official looking website that asks the user to login.
Spear Phishing - goes further than regular phishing. It targets you specifically as cyber-criminals use information about you, found on public forums like Facebook, and customize the phishing email to you.
Excessive screen-time, violence, gender stereotyping, and racial stereotyping - these are just some of the issues that can exist with online gaming. Learn how to have fun gaming, while being aware of these issues. Think critically and make wise decisions about what games you play and for how long.
Did you know that studies have shown that online gaming is not necessarily "bad?" Qualities of various different games can promote education, social interaction, civic participation, etc. You still need to think before you play, though! Read more via this link.
Did you know that computer games are rated based on age appropriateness and that these rating take into account content and interactivity? The Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB) is a non-profit that governs this process. Learn more via this link.
As with anything you do online, any time you provide details like your email address, shipping address, phone number and credit card information, your information becomes prey for cyber criminals. Get tips on what threats you face and tips to keep yourself safe.