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Grade 12 Philosophy: Introduction

The nature of Philosophy and the branches metaphysics, ethics, epistemology,philosophy of science, social and and political philsophy and aesthetics.

Ontario Ministry of Education

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Introduction to Grade 12 Philosophy

This course enables students to acquire an understanding of the nature of philosophy and philosophical reasoning skills and to develop and apply their knowledge and skills while exploring specialized branches of philosophy (the course will cover at least three of the following branches: metaphysics, ethics, epistemology, philosophy of science, social and political philosophy, aesthetics). Students will develop critical thinking and philosophical reasoning skills as they formulate and evaluate arguments related to a variety of philosophical questions and theories. They will also develop research and inquiry skills related to the study and practice of philosophy.

There are two strands for this course:

  • Research and Inquiry Skills
  • Philosophical Foundations

As well as six strands covering specialized branches of philosophy:

  • Core Topics:  Metaphysics, Ethics, Epistemology
  • Supplementary Topics:  Philosophy of Science, Social and Political Philosophy, Aesthetics




Suggested Search Terms for Grade 12 Philosophy

Recommended search terms for Grade 12 Philosophy

  • Ethics
  • Ideology
  • Logic
  • Metaphysics
  • Political philosophy
  • Social philosophy
  • Socialism
  • Aesthetics
  • Pragmatism
  • Existentialism
  • Epistemology


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Philodophy Definitions


the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially when considered as an academic discipline.


The branch of philosophy that deals with the first principles of things, including abstract concepts such as being, knowing, substance, cause, identity, time, and space.


Moral principles that govern a person's or group's behaviour.


The theory of knowledge especially with regards to its methods, validity and scope.  Epistemology is the investigation of what distinguishes justified belief from opinion.


The practice of forming or pursuing ideals, especially unrealistically.


A tendency to consider material possessions and physical comfort as more important than spiritual values.

Mary Styles- Learning Commons Informationist UCDSB