The Jesuits were a group of Catholic missionaries who came to New France in order to convert the Aboriginals to Christianity.
Christianity was the religion followed by most Europeans.
This great link has loads of information on the Fur Trade. Topics include New France, Champlain and the Anishinabe People; Voyageurs & Coureurs-des-bois; beaver hats; the life of a Voyageur; and the beginning of the Metis People
Granted by King Charles II of England on May 2, 1670, the Royal Charter gave an exclusive trading monopoly over the entire Hudson Bay drainage basin to “the Governor and Company of Adventurers of England trading into Hudson Bay.”
HBC’s York Factory, located on the Hayes River in northern Manitoba, operated from 1684 until 1957. This location was one of the most important posts and distribution points for HBC throughout the fur trade era.
In the 18th century, many of the British Hudson’s Bay officers took First Nations women, particularly Cree women, as their companions. These women lived part of the time with their Cree families and part of the time at the fort with officers. Through these interactions, a large community of Métis Cree children grew up around the forts.
Copyright 2009 Inuit Heritage Trust Web 2018
Marriage 'à la du pays'
Métis women were integral to the fur trade. They were sought after as marriage partners for fur trade managers because of their kinship ties to local First Nations and Métis. Some English Métis women, known as “Country Born,” married high-ranking officials and became members of the “Red River aristocracy.”
cited from Indigenous People's Atlas of Canada https://indigenouspeoplesatlasofcanada.ca/article/fur-trade/
Fur Trade Weddings
There were no priests or ministers in the Northwest to officiate at weddings until 1818. Before then, most men married according to Native custom (à la du pays). Daniel Harmon's journal describes such a fur trade wedding that took place in December 1801. Click HERE
Introduction of disease - Khan Academy
Perhaps the single greatest impact of European colonization on the North American environment was the introduction of disease. Microbes to which native inhabitants had no immunity caused sickness and death everywhere Europeans settled. Along the New England coast between 1616 and 1618, epidemics claimed the lives of 75 percent of the native people. Click on the image.
Without the canoe Canada's founding industry, the fur trade, could not have developed. "Made of birchbark and cedar and held together with tree roots and tar, the canoes used by the French pedlars and their HBC [Hudson's Bay Company] rivals ranged from forty-foot freighters to swift, small vessels used to carry VIPs from post to post."
Newman, Peter c, (2002) An illustrated history of Hudson's Bay Company.Toronto, ON. Penguin Books p.108
Suggested Search Terms for Destiny
Elder, shaman, wampum, pictograph, missionary, charter, coureur de bois, seigneur, Filles du Roi, Abenaki, Algonkin, Haudenosaunee, Ojibwe, Ottawa, Potawatomie, Wendat, Weskarini, Beothuk, Innu, Mi'kmaq, Passamaquoddy, Wolastiqiyik
Don't forget the Inspiration software found on all UCDSB computers.
This program is for visual learning:
graphic organizers, concept mapping, mind mapping, outlining, webbing, and plots and graphs.
Use this checklist to help you cite your sources!